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The key principles of the new pedagogy

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The new pedagogy is about transforming the school into a place of democratic practice where everyone has the opportunity to benefit from their own learning, to be creative, to explore and to reflect on their own personal needs.

Several reasons explain this new pedagogy. The most important are the evolution of society and the development of new teaching models.

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New pedagogy: definition

Simply put, new pedagogy is the set of new learning methods that is not focused on teaching or assessing students. It’s a way of learning that helps students be more active learners, which means they need to take an active role in their own education.

The goal of new pedagogy is to teach students how to learn and how to think critically, which will help them become better learners.

The new pedagogy aims to train future autonomous adults, capable of taking charge of themselves. It is a change in the traditional view of education, which is more focused on memorizing and respecting the rules. This new pedagogy emphasizes the development of skills and competencies for a better life.

The new pedagogy allows students to discover information from multiple angles and uses curiosity to learn more about different topics than their current interests. By teaching students how to find information, this active pedagogy creates a more independent learner.

The principles of new education

Here are the key principles of the new pedagogy:

 

Each student is unique

Recognizing and identifying each student’s unique abilities is an important first step in developing their own strengths and helping them achieve their dreams. 

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This new philosophy asserts that each student has a unique set of intellectual and academic skills. Recognizing and successfully nurturing these skills is a great way to improve their success.

The importance of childhood

The new pedagogy has shown that childhood must be rethought and considered as a necessary stage in the process of access to adulthood rather than a simple temporary phase.

She does not consider childhood as a simple path to adulthood, but as a necessary stage for its development. This can be seen in the way children are now seen as agents who create their own knowledge, until education is designed with this new perspective in mind.

An active pedagogy

It is an active pedagogy that emphasizes stimulating teacher creativity and student learning. 

In addition, it is centered on the learner and his active participation in the learning process.

Indeed, in this New World of learning, students have a say in what they learn. They no longer just watch or listen to lectures or read textbooks, but actively participate in the learning process.

 

It is about student engagement with opportunities for individualized and collaborative activities that will lead to a more flexible and personalized education. 

An active school is a school that allows people to learn new skills by doing the work themselves. It contains the individualized and collaborative activities that lead to a more flexible and personalized education.

An open pedagogy

The new pedagogy is an open pedagogy where education and life are strongly linked. It is a learning process based on experiences and participation rather than information or knowledge. It starts with the emerging wants and needs of children, bringing them closer to their lives as opposed to how traditional education was designed in the past.

Indeed, it tries to integrate education and life by developing the personal development of the child as well as his learning, in a way that does not separate him from the world.

Promote the child’s own development

teachers need to be aware of how children learn and grow. They need to understand the child as a whole, with their own ways of thinking, expressing themselves or even feeling.

Difference between new and traditional pedagogy

A comparison table between the two teaching methods

BASIS OF COMPARISONTHE NEW PEDAGOGYTHE TRADITIONAL PEDAGOGY
MeaningThe new pedagogy is a form of learning in which there is an active involvement of the students in the activities and discussions concerned.Learners acquire knowledge without making conscious efforts to do so.
Student involvementVery implicatedvery little involved
LearningStudent centeredTeacher centered
Knowledge retentionVery highComparatively low
thinking skillsHigher Order Thinking Skills Lower order thinking skills
ResponsibilityResponsibility for learning is assumed by the student.The teacher takes responsibility for student learning.
Role of the teacherFacilitatorCommander
Source of knowledgeTeacher/instructor, books or online resourcesPractical observation, practical application, simulations, etc.

Read also: The key ideas of traditional pedagogy

 

New pedagogy: example

The emergence of new pedagogy is one of the most important developments in education. In addition, its main features are learner-centered orientation and continuous assessment.

So, here are some examples of the new pedagogy:

The Freinet pedagogy

In addition, its main objective is to have students able to question and validate their own learning. It also promotes active engagement in the classroom, rather than just passively receiving knowledge from a teacher.

The Montessori pedagogy

It is one of the most popular and widely used educational philosophies. In addition, this approach to education was created by Maria Montessori at the beginning of the 20th century. The underlying central idea is that children learn through their senses and that intellectual development requires both studying ideas and acting on them.

The main principles of the Montessori philosophy are as follows: children should be encouraged to explore their environment, at their own pace. Therefore, there should be a strong emphasis on physical activities like running and rock climbing. In addition, adults must give individual attention to each child so that they can develop unique learning habits.

The Steiner pedagogy

This teaching methodology focuses on the spiritual, intellectual, emotional and physical development of children. It was developed by Rudolf Steiner at the beginning of the 20th century.

Moreover, it is an open pedagogy that values ​​and lives the students as they develop their intelligence over time and by interacting with the material.

 

Read also: The Pikler – Loczy pedagogy: advantages and principles

Conclusion

When we compare the traditional methods of education to the new, there is a noticeable difference. Education has changed so much over time, and it has undergone a transformation through technology.

In conclusion, in the new pedagogy, the descriptions of the roles of the teacher and the student are reversed. In other words, the teacher must provide instruction and guidance on professional skills. The student must also learn without instruction and acquire knowledge by himself.

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